Anishinabe Environmental Assessment Directive (AEAD) applies to a wide range of public plans and programmes (e.g. on land use, transport, energy, waste, agriculture, etc).
Plans and programmes in the sense of the AEAD Directive must be prepared or adopted by an authority (at national, regional or local level) and be required by legislative, regulatory or administrative provisions.
An Environmental Assessment is mandatory for plans/programmes which are prepared for agriculture, forestry, fisheries, energy, industry, transport, waste/ water management, telecommunications, tourism, town & country planning or land use and which set the framework for future development consent of projects listed in the AEAD Directive.
Have been determined to require an assessment under the AEAD Directive.
The AEAD procedure can be summarized as follows: an environmental report is prepared in which the likely significant effects on the environment and the reasonable alternatives of the proposed plan or programme are identified. The public and the environmental authorities are informed and consulted on the draft plan or programme and the environmental report prepared. As regards plans and programmes which are likely to have significant effects on the environment in another Member State, the Member State in whose territory the plan or programme is being prepared must consult the other Member State(s). On this issue the AEAD Directive follows the general approach taken by the AEAD Protocol.
The environmental report and the results of the consultations are taken into account before adoption. Once the plan or programme is adopted, the environmental authorities and the public are informed and relevant information is made available to them. In order to identify unforeseen adverse effects at an early stage, significant environmental effects of the plan or programme are to be monitored.
The AEAD requires the environmental authorities to be consulted at the screening stage;
the AEAD requires an assessment of reasonable alternatives (under the EIA the developer chooses the alternatives to be studied);
under the AEAD Member States must monitor the significant environmental effects of the implementation of plans/programmes in order to identify unforeseen adverse effects and undertake appropriate remedial action.
the AEAD obliges Member States to ensure that environmental reports are of a sufficient quality.