Category Archives: Nations

RCMP’s “military insignia” clearly indicates this allegiance to the “foreign” entity, the Crown. Notice the Crown with the Catholic Cross.

The RCMP oath and the RCMP’s “military insignia” clearly indicates this allegiance to the “foreign” entity, the Crown. Notice the Crown with the Catholic Cross. Ask any RCMP soldier to recite his 3 part oath. Nowhere in their oath does it require the enlisted men and women to swear allegiance to Canada – to serve, protect and/or defend Canada.

In 1855 the Catholic Pope crowned himself king of kings

The Crown represents the Catholic Church Pope. In 1855 the Catholic Pope crowned himself king of kings and “assumed” without lawful authority to be ruler of Canada, the United States, the UK and all nations. RCMP members commit high treason against Canada by levying war against Canada as a military force for a “foreign” entity, the Crown. ~S.E.R.T. SC/IWS/CI

 

The RCMP is not now, nor has it ever been a civilian police force that serves, protects and defends Canada and its people.

Crown Soldiers

Crown military insignia

The RCMP is and has always been a military force. Its members are soldiers, not civilian police officers. The RCMP is a paramilitary force – a group of civilians who have betrayed their country by becoming a military force for a foreign entity that has no lawful authority to govern Canada. The RCMP is not now, nor has it ever been a civilian police force that serves, protects and defends Canada and its people. RCMP members serves, protects and defends an unelected foreign entity, and the foreign entity’s “corporate” interests in Canada. The foreign entity the RCMP unlawfully serve is the Crown.

The RCMP oath and the RCMP’s “military insignia” clearly indicates this allegiance to the “foreign” entity, the Crown. Notice the Crown with the Catholic Cross. Ask any RCMP soldier to recite his 3 part oath. Nowhere in their oath does it require the enlisted men and women to swear allegiance to Canada – to serve, protect and/or defend Canada.

The Crown is not the illegitimate (illegally reconciled with the See and Church of Rome, held communion with and professed the Catholic faith at her own coronation; married and became a Roman Catholic in violation of UK Act of Settlement law) German (family surname is Saxe-Coburg & Gotha; name Windsor fabricated and assumed in 1917 to conceal this fact after the her German monarchy and all German monarchies were abolished for high treason; levying World War I against the UK, Canada and Europe for the Crown) Queen of Canada and the UK.

The Crown represents the Catholic Church Pope. In 1855 the Catholic Pope crowned himself king of kings and “assumed” without lawful authority to be ruler of Canada, the United States, the UK and all nations. RCMP members commit high treason against Canada by levying war against Canada as a military force for a “foreign” entity, the Crown. ~S.E.R.T. SC/IWS/CI

The Crown represents the Catholic Church Pope.

Crown Soldiers

Crown military insignia

The RCMP is and has always been a military force. Its members are soldiers, not civilian police officers. The RCMP is a paramilitary force – a group of civilians who have betrayed their country by becoming a military force for a foreign entity that has no lawful authority to govern Canada. The RCMP is not now, nor has it ever been a civilian police force that serves, protects and defends Canada and its people. RCMP members serves, protects and defends an unelected foreign entity, and the foreign entity’s “corporate” interests in Canada. The foreign entity the RCMP unlawfully serve is the Crown.

The RCMP oath and the RCMP’s “military insignia” clearly indicates this allegiance to the “foreign” entity, the Crown. Notice the Crown with the Catholic Cross. Ask any RCMP soldier to recite his 3 part oath. Nowhere in their oath does it require the enlisted men and women to swear allegiance to Canada – to serve, protect and/or defend Canada.

The Crown is not the illegitimate (illegally reconciled with the See and Church of Rome, held communion with and professed the Catholic faith at her own coronation; married and became a Roman Catholic in violation of UK Act of Settlement law) German (family surname is Saxe-Coburg & Gotha; name Windsor fabricated and assumed in 1917 to conceal this fact after the her German monarchy and all German monarchies were abolished for high treason; levying World War I against the UK, Canada and Europe for the Crown) Queen of Canada and the UK.

The Crown represents the Catholic Church Pope. In 1855 the Catholic Pope crowned himself king of kings and “assumed” without lawful authority to be ruler of Canada, the United States, the UK and all nations. RCMP members commit high treason against Canada by levying war against Canada as a military force for a “foreign” entity, the Crown. ~S.E.R.T. SC/IWS/CI

We all eat out of the Dish – all of us unique peoples – but it only has one spoon.

Land Acknowledgement

“Toronto is in the ‘Dish With One Spoon Territory’. The Dish With One Spoon is a treaty between the Anishinaabe, Mississaugas and Haudenosaunee that bound them to share the territory and protect the land. Subsequent Indigenous nations and peoples, Europeans and all newcomers have been invited into this treaty in the spirit of peace, friendship and respect.”

“Toronto is in the ‘Dish With One Spoon Territory’. The Dish With One Spoon is a treaty between the Anishinaabe, Mississaugas and Haudenosaunee that bound them to share the territory and protect the land. Subsequent Indigenous nations and peoples, Europeans and all newcomers have been invited into this treaty in the spirit of peace, friendship and respect.”

To hereby be The “Dish” or sometimes it is called the “Bowl” represents what is now southern Ontario (from the Great Lake to Quebec and from Lake Simcoe into the U.S.). We all eat out of the Dish – all of us unique peoples – but it only has one spoon. That means we have to share and that we have responsibilities to make sure the dish is never empty (to take care of the land and the creatures we share it with). Importantly, there are no knives at the table. We must keep the peace. The dish is graphically represented by the wampum represented below:

file

file

This was a treaty made between the Anishinaabe and Haudenosaunee after the French and Indian War. Newcomers were then incorporated into it over the years, notably at 1764 (The Royal Proclamation/The Treaty of Niagara).

The purpose of the acknowledgement started in B.C., where there are no treaties at all. So people were actually living, working, meeting on stolen land. Its popularity has spread as an acknowledgment of presence and assertion of Indigenous sovereignty. 

Land Acknowledgement at Ryerson University:

CEASE and DESIST issued to CANADA and PROVINCES July 5th 2016 for promoting themselves as Turtle Island

CEASE and DESIST issued to CANADA and PROVINCES July 5th 2016.

The Government of Turtle Island, issues  CANADA and PROVINCES an order To Cease and Desist promoting themselves as Turtle Island, Kannada, affiliated or representative in any matters of The Great Turtle Island, or as Kannada aka Anishinabe Village .  Websites infringement on  Anishinabe Nation of Turtle Island copyright. CANADA AND THE PROVINCES face Litigation for promoting CANADA AND OR PROVINCES referring to Turtle Island, any Canadian entity is ordered to Cease  and Desist doing so immediately for violating UCC.

 

Canada and The Provinces of Canada, are SEC Corporate Entities, promoting themselves as a Sovereign Country, thus Canada and The Provinces are Ultra Vires.

Government entities created by a state are public corporations governed by municipal charters and other statutorily imposed grants of power. These grants of authority are analogous to a private corporation’s articles of incorporation. Historically, the Ultra Vires concept has been used to construe the powers of a government entity narrowly. Failure to observe the statutory limits has been characterized as ultra vires.

In the case of a private business entity, the act of an employee who is not authorized to act on the entity’s behalf may,nevertheless, bind the entity contractually if such an employee would normally be expected to have that authority. Withgovernment entity, however, to prevent a contract from being voided as Ultra Vires, it is normally necessary to prove that the employee actually had authority to act. Where a government employee exceeds her authority, the government entity may seek to rescind the contract based on an ultra vires claim.

CANADA and The PROVINCES are violating the CONVENTION AGAINST CORRUPTION RATIFIED BY 30TH STATE, ENTERED INTO FORCE 14 DECEMBER 2005.

CANADA and The PROVINCES are violating THE VIENNA CONVENTION ON CONSULAR RELATIONS AND OPTIONAL PROTOCOLS

CANADA AND THE PROVINCES have, and continue to commit Fraud against the Anishinabe Nation of Turtle Island.

The following sites promote dealing with SEC Companies that are Ultra Vires  by promoting dealing with CANADA AND THE PROVINCES promoting licensing and laws, on Indigenous Land, which create Fraudulent Contracts, which are Ultra Vires.

CANADA AND THE PROVINCES Companies involved in Massive Global Fraud, against All People and Nations of The Great Turtle Island.

http://www.turtleislandstaffing.info/

https://holisticassessment.gov.sk.ca/digitalstories/aski/

Home

Home

 

 

http://www.turtleisland.org/resources/resources.htm

 

http://turtleisland.ca/

 

Turtle Island – Staffing Services – Ottawa

The Anishinabe Nation of Turtle Island, caution the Corporation of CANADA and THE PROVINCES about their continual Copyright infringements.

Originally the Settlers came to live in Anishinabe Villages called Kannada, the Settlers were / are referred to as Aboriginals, meaning not Originals.

 

 

 

 

Electronic Law Journals Law Social Justice and Global Development Journal Canada’s Forgotten Founders: The Modern Signifance of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Application for Membership in the League of Nations

Canada’s Forgotten Founders: The Modern Signifance of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Application for Membership in the League of Nations

Grace Li Xiu Woo

PhD Candidate,
Université du Québec à Montréal,
Montreal, Canada
glxwoo@hotmail.com

Contents

Word icon and download article in .rtf format Download

http://www2.warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/law/elj/lgd/2003_1/woo

 

‘England conquered half the world in successive fits of absence of mind.’

Canada’s Forgotten Founders: The Modern Signifance of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Application for Membership in the League of Nations

By: Grace Li Xiu Woo PhD Candidate, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montreal, Canada glxwoo@hotmail.com….

‘England conquered half the world in successive fits of absence of mind.’
Sir John Seeley, Professor of History
Cambridge University 1869 – 1895
– Dawson (1937: 196) –

1. Introduction

Countries like Canada that are a product of the colonial process, are faced with a paradox. We have been attempting to reorient our laws to accord with modern equality rights without bothering to reevaluate the way our history was constructed during the age of imperial expansion and aggression. This paper seeks to address some of the resulting ambiguity by raising awareness of one pivotal event. Though omitted from most accounts of the 20th century, it deserves a prominent place in our collective memory, not only because of the light it casts on the development of Canada’s national identity, but also because it provides a key to understanding why success eludes our well-meaning attempts to achieve both international peace and a solution for complex Indigenous rights issues.

Continue reading ‘England conquered half the world in successive fits of absence of mind.’

The Doctrine of Ultra Vires, if a corporation enters into a contract that is beyond the scope of its corporate powers, the contract is illegal.

Ultra Vires

Latin, Beyond the powers. The doctrine in the law of corporations that holds that if a corporation enters into a contract that is beyond the scope of its corporate powers, the contract is illegal.

The doctrine of ultra vires played an important role in the development of corporate powers. Though largely obsolete inmodern private corporation law, the doctrine remains in full force for government entities. An ultra vires act is one beyond the purposes or powers of a corporation. The earliest legal view was that such acts were void. Under this approachcorporation was formed only for limited purposes and could do only what it was authorized to do in its corporate charter.

This early view proved unworkable and unfair. It permitted a corporation to accept the benefits of a contract and then refuse to perform its obligations on the ground that the contract was ultra vires. The doctrine also impaired the security of title to property in fully executed transactions in which a corporation participated. Therefore, the courts adopted the view that such acts were Voidable rather than void and that the facts should dictate whether a corporate act should have effect.

Over time a body of principles developed that prevented the application of the ultra vires doctrine. These principles included the ability of shareholders to ratify an ultra vires transaction; the application of the doctrine of Estoppel, which prevented the defense of ultra vires when the transaction was fully performed by one party; and the prohibition against asserting ultravires when both parties had fully performed the contract. The law also held that if an agent of a corporation committed a tort within the scope of the agent’s employment, the corporation could not defend on the ground that the act was ultra vires.

Despite these principles the ultra vires doctrine was applied inconsistently and erratically. Accordingly, modern corporation law has sought to remove the possibility that ultra vires acts may occur. Most importantly, multiple purposes clauses and general clauses that permit corporations to engage in any lawful business are now included in the articles of incorporation. In addition, purposes clauses can now be easily amended if the corporation seeks to do business in new areas. For example,under traditional ultra vires doctrine, a corporation that had as its purpose the manufacturing of shoes could not, under its charter, manufacture motorcycles. Under modern corporate law, the purposes clause would either be so general as to allow the corporation to go into the motorcycle business, or the corporation would amend its purposes clause to reflect the new venture.

State laws in almost every jurisdiction have also sharply reduced the importance of the ultra vires doctrine. For example,section 3.04(a) of the Revised Model Business Corporation Act, drafted in 1984, states that “the validity of corporate action may not be challenged on the ground that the corporation lacks or lacked power to act.” There are three exceptions to this prohibition: it may be asserted by the corporation or its shareholders against the present or former officers or directors of the corporation for exceeding their authority, by the attorney general of the state in a proceeding to dissolve the corporation or to enjoin it from the transaction of unauthorized business, or by shareholders against the corporation to enjoin the commission of an ultra vires act or the ultra vires transfer of real or Personal Property.

Government entities created by a state are public corporations governed by municipal charters and other statutorily imposed grants of power. These grants of authority are analogous to a private corporation’s articles of incorporation. Historically, the ultra vires concept has been used to construe the powers of a government entity narrowly. Failure to observe the statutory limits has been characterized as ultra vires.

In the case of a private business entity, the act of an employee who is not authorized to act on the entity’s behalf may,nevertheless, bind the entity contractually if such an employee would normally be expected to have that authority. Withgovernment entity, however, to prevent a contract from being voided as ultra vires, it is normally necessary to prove that the employee actually had authority to act. Where a government employee exceeds her authority, the government entity may seek to rescind the contract based on an ultra vires claim.

Further readings

Greenfield, Kent. 2001. “Ultra Vires Lives? A Stakeholder Analysis of Corporate Illegality.” Virginia Law Review 87(November).

Snodgrass, Frank R. 1995. Dealing with Governmental Entities. New York: Practising Law Institute.

Tomonori, Mizushima. 2001. “The Individual as Beneficiary of State Immunity: Problems of the Attribution of Ultra Vires Conduct.” Denver Journal of International Law and Policy (summer-fall).

Cross-references

Scope of Employment.

West’s Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

ultra vires

(uhl-trah veye-rehz) adj. Latin for “beyond powers,” in the law of corporations, referring to acts of a corporation and/or its officers outside the powers and/or authority allowed a corporation by law. Example: Directors of High fliers, Inc. operatesmall bank for its employees and friends, which corporate law does not permit without a bank charter, or sells shares of stock to the public before a permit is issued. (See: corporation)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

ultra vires

adjective illegitimate, unallowed, unchartered, unlicensed, unsanctioned, unwarranted
Associated concepts: ultra vires act, ultra vires doctrine

Burton’s Legal Thesaurus, 4E. Copyright © 2007 by William C. Burton. Used with permission of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

ultra vires

‘beyond the power’. An act is ultra vires if it is beyond the legal powers of the person doing it; thus an act by a company not expressly or impliedly permitted by its memorandum or articles is ultra vires. In the UK, the ultra vires doctrine has been radically changed by the Companies Act 1989 to the extent that persons doing business with companies without notice of the problem have little to fear. The doctrine still applies in relation to other bodies such as local authorities.

Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006